Bronnen van de Antwerpse geschiedenis

Website: Frederick I, Duke of Upper Lorraine

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Uitgeverij: Wikipedia

Website: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick_I,_Duke_of_Upper_Lorraine

Citaten

The duchy of Lorraine was at that time governed by the archbishop of Cologne, Bruno, who was called the archduke on account of his dual title. In 959, he, in concert with his brother, the Emperor Otto I, divided the duchy, appointing as margraves (or vice-dukes) one Godfrey in Lower Lorraine and Frederick in Upper Lorraine. After Bruno's death, in 977, Frederick and Godfrey were styling themselves dukes.

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